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We love a good investment, right? No one can argue that. Investing in gold has become increasingly popular in recent years, particularly during economic uncertainty. As we seek to protect our wealth and capitalize on the potential of gold, we often decide whether to invest in gold ETFs or physical gold.

Both options have advantages and disadvantages, making it crucial to evaluate which approach aligns best with your investment goals carefully.

Always check the status of a Gold ETFs whether they are halal or not halal

Exploring Gold ETFs

Gold ETFs, or Exchange-Traded Funds, are investment instruments that track the price movements of gold. Unlike physical gold, Gold ETFs are typically backed by physical gold holdings, which financial institutions or banks hold. They offer several benefits that make them attractive to you.

Read: Do ETFs Pay Dividends?

Accessibility and Liquidity

One of the significant advantages of Gold ETFs is their accessibility and liquidity. Investing in Gold ETFs provides easy and cost-effective access to gold investments.

Unlike physical gold, which requires purchasing and storing physical assets, Gold ETFs can be bought and sold on stock exchanges like any other publicly traded security. This convenience allows you to enter and exit their positions quickly, providing them with a highly liquid investment.


Gold ETFs offer you the ability to diversify your investment portfolio. By investing in Gold ETFs, investors can gain exposure to gold prices without owning physical gold.

They can also hold a diversified portfolio of Gold ETFs, each tracking different aspects of the gold market, including price movements, global demand, or mining stocks.

Related: Hidden Concerns of ETFs Investments: What Every Investor Needs to Know

Convenience and Storage

One of the primary advantages of Gold ETFs is the convenience they offer. With Gold ETFs, you do not need to worry about the challenges of managing physical gold storage or security concerns.

Unlike physical gold, which requires proper storage in secured vaults or safe deposit boxes, Gold ETFs provide purely digital ownership. You can easily track their investment performance and enjoy the convenience of not being responsible for the physical safekeeping of their gold assets.

Analyzing Physical Gold Investments

Physical gold investments refer to the ownership of gold in tangible forms, such as bars, coins, or jewelry. Unlike Gold ETFs, physical gold investments provide unique advantages that resonate with certain investors.

Tangible Asset

One of the fundamental advantages of physical gold is its tangible nature. Unlike stocks or other financial instruments, physical gold is a real asset with intrinsic value. Investors are drawn to physical gold to protect their wealth during economic downturns, inflationary periods, or instances of currency devaluation. The tangible nature of physical gold provides reassurance to investors and often acts as a hedge against the uncertainties of the global economy.

Ownership and Control

Another advantage of investing in physical gold is its sense of ownership and control. With physical gold, you have direct ownership over their investment and can physically hold their gold assets.

This direct control reduces the reliance on intermediaries, such as financial institutions or banks, and mitigates counterparty risks.

For many investors, the peace of mind that comes with owning and controlling a tangible asset is invaluable.

Historical Significance and Collector’s Appeal

Beyond its value as a financial asset, physical gold often holds additional attraction due to its historical significance and collector’s value. Gold coins and jewelry, for example, are seen as investments and as pieces of art and cultural heritage.

The potential for appreciation above and beyond the metal content of their physical gold assets attracts some investors. Collectible gold coins or vintage jewelry may fetch higher prices due to their rarity or historical attributes, providing an additional layer of potential value appreciation.

Must Read: ETF Trading Strategies for New & Professional Investors You Want to Know

Understanding the Disadvantages

While both Gold ETFs and physical gold have their advantages, it is essential to consider the disadvantages associated with each option.

Gold ETFs

When investing in Gold ETFs, there are certain drawbacks that you need to be aware of.

Expense Ratio and Fees

Gold ETFs may charge an expense ratio and other fees, impacting investors’ returns. These costs are associated with the management and administration of the ETF, such as tracking the gold price and providing liquidity to investors. You must carefully evaluate and compare the expense ratios and fees of different Gold ETFs before making investment decisions.

Counterparty Risk

Investing in Gold ETFs involves a degree of counterparty risk. The value of Gold ETFs depends on the financial institutions that back them and their ability to hold physical gold. You may face losses if the institution encounters financial difficulties or fails to fulfill its obligations. It is important to consider the reputation and stability of the financial institution backing the Gold ETF before investing.

Physical Gold

Despite its advantages, physical gold also has its own disadvantages that you should carefully consider.

Storage and Security

Storing physical gold can present challenges and expenses. Proper storage and security measures are essential to protect the assets from theft or damage. Investors must factor in the cost of secure storage options, such as rented vaults or safe deposit boxes. Additionally, the need for physical security precautions may limit the flexibility and accessibility of physical gold investments.

Illiquid and Less Accessible

Compared to Gold ETFs, physical gold investments tend to be less liquid and accessible. Selling physical gold can be more time-consuming and costly compared to the ease of selling Gold ETFs on stock exchanges. You may need to find reputable buyers, go through appraisal processes, or navigate various transaction costs, which can limit the liquidity of physical gold investments.

Potential for Theft or Damage

Physical gold investments carry the natural risk of theft, loss, or damage. Unlike Gold ETFs, where you only hold digital ownership, physical gold is susceptible to physical harm. Investors must take precautions to safeguard their physical gold assets, such as secure storage facilities.

Is Investing in Gold Halal?

Under Shariah law, gold is categorized as one of the Ribawi items, and the rules governing gold investments are derived from Islamic teachings.

First, let’s talk about physical gold – like bullion, coins, or even jewelry. Generally, this type of investment is seen as halal, which is great news if you want to invest in something tangible.

But there’s a catch. It’s only halal if you’re dealing with real physical gold. You know exactly what you own (clear ownership records), and you can deliver it.

Now, about those Gold ETFs that hold physical gold—they’re also on the halal list. But you need to check the compliance of each Gold ETF you are considering. Also, be cautious with ETFs linked to gold futures and options. These are no-gos because they don’t involve owning the physical gold and often dip into speculation, which isn’t allowed in Islamic finance.

Thinking about gold stocks and shares? They’re generally okay, but you’ve got to do your homework. Check out the company’s assets, debt, and how they handle interest. If there’s too much debt or involvement with interest (riba), that’s a red flag because riba is a big no in Islam.

That’s why Musaffa App is here to help you. Check gold stocks with ease with our App.

And here’s where it gets a bit tricky: futures, options in gold, CFDs, spread betting, and other derivatives. These are usually not halal because they’re packed with speculation and uncertainty (gharar), which Islamic finance steers clear of.

There’s a Shariah Standard on Gold set by the AAOIFI and the World Gold Council. They’ve laid out some clear rules for gold investments to be Sharia-compliant. This includes trading gold on a spot basis, ensuring you can physically or constructively own the gold, and even details about joint ownership in a trust.

Read Here: Investing in Gold

In Summary

When deciding between Gold ETFs and physical gold, you should carefully weigh the pros and cons of each option. Gold ETFs provide accessibility, liquidity, and convenience, making them an attractive choice for many investors.

On the other hand, physical gold offers tangibility, ownership, and historical appeal that resonate with certain investors. Ultimately, the decision depends on individual investment objectives, preferences, and risk tolerance.

However, a hybrid approach combining Gold ETFs and physical gold is worth considering.

By striking the right balance, you can potentially enjoy both worlds’ advantages and navigate the gold market’s ups and downs with confidence.

Please visit our academy to read more about Islamic Finance-related topics.

Also, feel free to sign up for our free Halal stock screening service at

Disclaimer: Important information


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